The application of a liquid slurry of cement and water to various points inside or outside the casing.
To prepare and pump cement into place in a wellbore.
Cementing operations may be undertaken to seal the annulus after a casing string has been run, to seal a lost circulation zone, to set a plug in an existing well from which to push off with directional tools or to plug a well so that it may be abandoned.
Before cementing operations commence, engineers determine the volume of cement (commonly with the help of a caliper log) to be placed in the wellbore and the physical properties of both the slurry and the set cement needed, including density and viscosity.
A cementing crew uses special mixers and pumps to displace drilling fluids and place cement in the wellbore.